Baisakhi is also called Vaisakhi. This is a harvest festival and is celebrated on the thirteenth day of April keeping in mind the solar calendar. This festival is celebrated in North India and more so in Punjab and Haryana. This happens when the rabi crop is ready for harvesting.
With a lot of merriment and fun, this festival is celebrated. This is done by having a bhangra dance by men who accompany singing with dance. Women in the community too sing and dance and celebrate the festival. They do the Gidda dance which is done with much fervor and rhythm. During these occasions, men and women adorn themselves with colorful clothes. They also wear traditional jeweler. Usually, the festival happens on the banks of the rivers.
Baisakhi is an important festival for Sikhs. On this day in 1699, their tenth Guru Gobind Singh organized the order of the Khalsa. He also administered amrit (nectar) to his first batch of five disciples. Thus, he made them Singhs, a martial community. On the same day in 1875, Swami Dayanand Saraswati founded the Arya Samaj.
Baisakhi Day: March 30th, 1699
The Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb was crowned the Emperor of India in 1657. he embarked on a policy of religious persecution and set upon the process of Islamization of India and he shut temples and tortured Brahmins. He was convinced that if Brahmins follow, rest would follow. The Brahmins of Kashmir approached Guru Tegh Bahadur during this time and they asked him for guidance on combating this torture done by the emperor. When people reached Delhi to help these Brahmins, they were imprisoned. In prison, Guru Tegh Bahadur foresaw the start of a new journey. Guru Teg Bahadur offered his life for the freedom of conscience.
Guru Tegh Bahadur was martyred in Delhi and there were a lot of people who were around when this happened. The executioner abandoned his body in the open but none came forward to claim the body including his disciples. On Baisakhi Day, March 30, 1699, hundreds of people gathered around at Anandpur Sahib. The Guru addressed them and made them retain the faith in the religion.
Guru gave his new Khalsa a unique and distinct identity. The Guru gave the gift of bana. This is distinctive Sikh clothing and headwear and he also offered five emblems of purity and courage. These symbols are worn by all baptized Sikhs. They are known as Five Ks: Kesh, unshorn hair; Kangha, the wooden comb; Karra, the iron (or steel) bracelet; Kirpan, the sword; and Kachera, the underwear.
The Guru wanted to abolish the anomalies due to the caste system.
The Baisakhi Celebrations commemorate this great man. Also one cannot forget the Baisakhi Mela which is known to draw lots of crowds, wherever it is held.